Preterm birth leads to smaller kidneys, higher blood pressure in adulthood

Premature birth cuts short kidney development, resulting in smaller kidney size and higher blood pressure in adulthood, according to a study presented at the American Heart Association's Council on Hypertension 2016 Scientific Sessions.

"Adults born preterm may not present with the 'classical' risk factors for heart disease, but they are at increased risk of hypertension and insulin resistance and certainly require regular medical follow-up," said Anne Monique Nuyt, M.D., senior author of the study and head of the division of neonatology at the Sainte-Justine University Hospital and Research Center of the University of Montreal, Canada.


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